5, జులై 2014, శనివారం

Pellikonda: Boomerang shaped Buddhist site

Buddhist Ruin site of Pellikonda is located near Mukundapuram and Reganigudem village's in Anandapuram mandal, Visakhapatnam district, Andhra Pradesh. As seen from a satellite image the low level Hilltop (50 M) looks like a boomerang in North east to South west orientation.

Satellite Imagery of Pellikonda Buddhist site
(Coordinates: 17°56'53"N   83°19'44"E) 

This site was first explored in 1990's by the State Archaeology Department of Andhra Pradesh and was just left with a documentation and no traces of security are found at the site. As per the observations and data from historians the site may be dated back as a contemporary of  Pavurallakonda and other Early Buddhist sites near Bheemunipatnam and Visakhapatnam.

Outline of Stupa Brick Remnants at Pellikonda

During an exploration by historical enthusiasts and freelance archaeologist's in April 2013, Brick remnants, potsherds and columns were found scattered on the flat terraced area towards North east of the Hillock. 

View of Pellikonda Buddhist site

Potsherd at Pellikonda Buddhist Site

Large Bricks of dimensions 23 x 10 Centimeter were found at the site. Most of the area was vandalized by Cashew plantations. An extensive study and exploration is needed urgently to preserve and protect this early historic Buddhist site along Gosthani river basin, which is contemporary to Pavurallakonda, Thotlakonda and Bavikonda Buddhist sites in Visakhapatnam district.

Brick sized  23 x 10 Centimeter at Pellikonda

Help Save Historical Sites of North Coastal Andhra

28, జూన్ 2014, శనివారం

Dannanapeta: Unique Megalithic Site in India

Dannanapeta Megalithic Site near to Amadalavalasa town in Srikakulam district of Andhra Pradesh has a unique and large megalithic complex, which includes a large dolmen, many small cists and innumerable post holes and menhirs. The dolmen is one of the biggest in dimensions, the single capstone on the dolmen weighs up to 50 tonnes and the entire complex makes an extremely interesting and valuable heritage site.

The largest Megalithic dolmen of Early Iron Age


Unfortunately the Government polytechnic college of Amadalavalasa has come up right next to the site and there is a lot of building activity nearby. The site is being vandalized by the villagers for its stones. If urgent measures are not taken to protect the site, it is in danger of total disappearance. Dannanapeta megalithic site has been notified by State Archaeology department in 2011. But, there were no traces of preservation here till now. 


As per historians, these megaliths can be dated back between (1000 BCE to 500 BCE), post holes around the dolmens suggest that this place suggests a memorial or worshiping center by the Iron Age man.Small caves which were used for habitation by the Iron Age man were also explored here at Dannanapeta. These caves would have been later occupied by Jain monks between (1st CE to 2nd CE), as the traces of rock beds in the caves and water troughs were observed on the surface of the caves. Prehistoric Rock shelters were also observed here at Dannanapeta.
Prehistoric Caves at Dannanapeta megalithic site


People under the Dolmen, who visited the site, a building construction nearby


Me explaining a team about the usage of Post Holes at the megalithic site

This particular archaeological structure was explored and discovered by a Freelance archaeologist Kadiyala Venkateswara Rao in 2011. The discovery is significant as it is the biggest dolmen measuring 36 X 14 feet with a thickness of two feet, so far not reported from Andhra Pradesh.


As per the observations and information from local's, the historical site is being vandalized on a speed pace as many megaliths were already destroyed and these are being crushed and used for the construction of a building very near to the site. There is an urgency to save and preserve this unique megalithic site to provide evident Historical studies for future generations.


Schematic map of Dannanapeta Megalithic Site

An online petition has been started on for the protection and preservation of this unique megalithic site as an initiative by a team of Historians in North Coastal Andhra. 
Visitors of this page please sign the petition below and support us.
Help save our Heritage sites.
Please sign the petition and share. 
Click the link below to sign the petition

Help Save and Preserve the unique Megalithic structures

20, మార్చి 2013, బుధవారం

Gudiwada Dibba: Buddhist site on the banks of Gosthani

Gudiwada Dibba is a small hillock at Gudiwada village in Bhogapuram mandal, Vizianagaram district, Andhra Pradesh. It located on the banks of River Gosthani. This village is geographically located towards north of Tagarapuvalasa town but politically located in Bhogapuram mandal.


A small hillock with semi terraced area  is located on the banks of the river Gosthani at Gudiwada village. It consists of two Hindu temples at present but is full of Buddhist Remains scattered all over the hilltop terraced areas along with rock cut steps to the river on the west side of the hillock. This site would have flourished as a Hinayana Buddhist site from 2nd century BC to 3rd century AD.

Stupa Mound


Stupa Outline Bricks

The Hillock is formed as 2 flat terraces:
The upper terrace towards East consists of Buddhist Stupa (Possible Apsidal Stupa) remnants and a small rock cut cistern.
The lower terrace towards West consists of Buddhist Vihara remnants
Rock cut steps are present towards River Gosthani at the west end of the hillock.

View from Stupa Mound

Rock cut Steps

This site has some resemblance to Pavurallakonda and Thotlakonda Buddhist site in the near Vicinity. It is 6 KM away from Bheemunipatnam. Many Brick remnants are found scattered on the terraced area of this hillock. It would have served as a junction point and navigational point through the waters of River Gosthani and Bheemunipatnam sea routes. The absence of Buddhist Sculpture shows the possibility of an early Buddhist settlement at this place.

Rock cut Cistern


Explorations on this hillock (Gudiwada Dibba) during October 2012 yielded an ancient Buddhist heritage site possibly of 2nd Century BC. The site was documented by the State Archaeological department of Andhra Pradesh. The Excavations are yet to start at this ancient Buddhist site.

Brick Remants

The details of this site with evidences was provided by me(N Aditya Madhav) in 2012 to the State Archaeological department. This site was explored by me and my brothers (Pranav , Naveen) in 2011 under the study project BIRHAJ (Buddhism, Its Resemblances with Hinduism And Jainism).

The Terraced site at Gudiwada Dibba

12, జనవరి 2013, శనివారం

Pavurallakonda Buddhist Ruins Photo Calender 2013


A Monthly Photo Calender of Pavurallakonda Buddhist Monastic Ruins at Bheemili in Visakhapatnam district, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Pavurallakonda or Pavurallabodu is the local name of a hill, popularly known as Narasimhaswamy konda, near Bheemunipatnam about 25 km towards North from Visakhapatnam city. It is located at a height of about 150 meters above mean sea level. It consists of a ruined hill top Buddhist Monastic Complex probably witnessed human habitation from 3rd Century BCE to 2nd century CE. It is one of the Largest Buddhist Monasteries of North Coastal Andhra Region. Hinayana Buddhism must have flourished at this hill-top site.


Note: Click on the image for full resolution and save the image :) 
Happy New Year 2013


Ruined Buddhist Relief

Rock cut Steps

Rock cut cistern {small}

Ruined stone pillar

Votive Stupa

Vihara

Rock cut steps to a Cistern {medium}

A Cistern

One among the 16 rock cut cisterns

Ruined Buddhist relief

Large rock cut cistern

Votive stupa remnants

2, జనవరి 2013, బుధవారం

Bavikonda Buddhist Ruins Photo Calender 2013

A Monthly Photo Calender of Bavikonda Buddhist Monastic Ruins at Visakhapatnam, 
Andhra Pradesh, India.


Bavikonda Buddhist Complex is about 16 km from Visakhapatnam city on a hill about 130 meter above Mean Sea Level. The term Bavikonda in Telugu language means a hill of wells. As per its name, Bavikonda is a hill which has wells for the collection of rainwater. Bavikonda Monastery dates back to the 3rd century BCE.

Note: Click on the image for full resolution and save the image :) 
Happy New Year 2013


View from an Apsidal Stupa at Bavikonda

Brick Remnants on a Votive Stupa

Stone path at Buddhist Viharas

Rock cut and Stone path

Maha Stupa and Stone Stupa view

Maha Stupa at Bavikonda

Rock cut steps at Viharas

Interior hall of Apsidal Stupa

Top view of a Votive Stupa

Stone Stupa at Bavikonda

Vihara Remnants at Bavikonda

A Votive Stupa at Bavikonda

1, నవంబర్ 2012, గురువారం

Kapila Theertham: Enjoy the Natural Bliss


KAPILA TEERTHAM
Location : Tirupati in Chittoor District of Andhra Pradesh
Presiding Deity : Lord Shiva As Kapileswara Swamy
Sacred Theertha : One Of The 108 Sacred Teerthas (Springs) flowing on Tirumala Hills.

Waterfalls at Kapila Theertham

The Holy Temple of Kapila Theertham is the only temple dedicated to Lord Shiva in the holy temple cities of Tirupati and Tirumala that abound with temples of the Vaishnavait Deity Vishnu.

This huge temple stands at the entrance to a mountain cave in one of the steep and vertical faces at the foot of the amazing hills of Tirumala, where the waters of the mountain stream falls as a huge waterfall.

Lay out map of Kapila Theertham

One of the holiest of Hindu saints, Saint Kapila Maharshi, was said to have lived here, worshipped, and meditated in this very cave before the idol of Lord Shiva and hence the name "Kapila theertham", the word "theertham" meaning a holy lake or holy pond that formed due to the waterfalls.

Kapila Maharshi was a Vedic sage and an incarnation of Supreme Godhead Vishnu, credited as one of the founders of the Samkhya school of philosophy. He is prominent in the Bhagavata Purana, which features a theistic version of his Samkhya philosophy. Traditional Hindu sources describe him as a descendant of Manu, a grandson of Brahma. The Bhagavad Gita depicts Kapila as a yogi hermit with highly developed siddhis, or spiritual powers.


Natural Rock Cave Shelter's are present at Kapila Theertham on the either sides of the waterfalls and also beside the temple of Kapileswara Swamy. This particular place has enormous energy and positive vibration's. One with a spiritual mind can feel the bliss at Kapila Theertham.

This place may be a possible site of Jain Vestige's around 300 BCE (some relief's of Jain Tirthankara's are excavated in the foot hills and nearby viscinity of Tirupathi). Later it flourished as an important Hindu Shrine under the rule of Vijayanagara Empire.


Though this temple's significance has diminished due to the hugely popular neighboring Temples in Tirumala and Tiruchanoor, it received very good patronage from the Kings of Vijayanagara in the 13th thru 16th centuries, especially Saluva Narasimha Deva Raya, and the eternally famous Sri Krishna Deva Raya, and some of the later rulers like Venkatapathi Raya, and Aliya Ramaraya, sri Krishna Deva Raya's Son-in-law.


Kapila Theertham is an important Shrine to visit during the trip of Tirupathi